Aeolian islands were populated at the beginning of the
fourth millennium BC from people coming from Sicily, pushed
from the immense economic resource offering from obsidian
erupted from the volcano of Mount Pelato.
The obsidian, a volcanic glass cutting black, was sought
when they had spread the metalworking and formed the basis
for the prosperity enjoyed in the islands for at least two
After a few centuries of decadence Aeolian islands had an
economic and civil revival in the age of bronze in the
eighteenth century. BC
This awakening is due to contacts that were to have with the
principalities of Mycenaean Greece which explored the
The islands were frequented by people micenee of aeolian
lineage rooted in Metaponto. From these aeolian people the
islands took the name that still retain. They brought the
legends of the mythical King Aeolus, Lord of the winds.
During the thirteenth century. BC settled in the islands,
from the coast of Campania, people ausonie with which
connects the legend of King Liparo, which drew the city name.
Spopolate the end of the tenth century. BC the islands
remained deserted for a few centuries.
In The L Olympics (580-576 BC) Lipari was colonized by a
group of Greek Doric race, Cnidus and Rhodes, the new
settlers found themselves obliged to defend themselves from
the incursions of the Etruscans. They had set up a powerful
fleet with which reported big victories ensuring the
supremacy of the sea. With the booty was erected in the
sanctuary of Apollo, Delphi, votive splendid monuments.
In 427 BC During the first Athenian expedition to Sicily the
Lipari people tightened alliance with Syracuse. They were
attacked by the Athenian and from Reggio Calabria
fleet, but without serious consequences.
In shipping Carthaginian of 408-406 Lipari was again in
friendly relations with Syracuse. It was therefore attacked
by general Carthaginian Imilcone; parties Carthaginians,
Lipari returned in full enjoyment of its independence.
During the domination of Dionysius the Elder, Lipari
remained alongside Syracuse and Tindari. In 304 the island
was attacked by Agatocle; Lipari subsequently fell under the
yoke Carthaginian when the First Punic War.
For its excellent ports and its position high strategic
value, the archipelago became one of the best naval stations
In 262 the Roman consul Cornelius Scipio, deceiving
themselves that they can conquer Lipari, was stopped and
arrested by Hannibal.
In 258 Lipari was besieged from Atilio Calatino .
In 257 waters of the Aeolian islands were the scene of a
fierce battle between the fleet Carthaginian and Roman.
Lipari was conquered by the Romans in 252 BC destroyed
lost with the independence economic prosperity. It began for
a period of serious decline.
He continued to reap substantial economic benefits from
dell'allume who extracted the island of Vulcano and Lipari
which was in the ancient world monopoly.
Were frequented the hot springs of Vulcano and Lipari.
The Aeolian islands had a great strategic importance during
the civil war between Octavian, master of Italy, and Sesto
Pompeo, owner of Sicily. Lipari, fortified by Sesto Pompeo,
was seized in 36 BC Agrippa, admiral of Octavian, who made
the island of Vulcano the basis of its fleet for operations
that preceded the naval battle of Milazzo and the subsequent
landing in Sicily. Lipari new suffered devastation and new
We have no news about Lipari for the imperial Roman (I-IV
sec. AD). During Christian (perhaps by the fourth century)
Lipari was bishopric and at least since the sixth century
were venerated in his cathedral of the relics of the St.
Bartholomew, miraculously come from Armenia. In medieval
centuries Lipari was a pilgrimage site. Around Aeolian
islands flourishes in the early Middle Ages to harvest
Crater Volcano was considered to be the mouth of hell, where
burned souls of sinners. Other legends flourish around the
holy bishop Agatho and all'eremita S. Calogero that freed
the island from devils and the water flow was healthy.
In the Middle Ages there was a sudden awakening of volcanic
activity on the island of Lipari. Within the 839 Lipari was
attacked and destroyed by a raid of Muslims who massacred
and made slave people and was profaned the relics of St.
Lipari remained for a few centuries almost totally deserted,
until the reconquest of Sicily by the Normans, who in 1083
settled in Lipari Abbot Ambrose with a group of Benedictine
monks. Around the monastery returned to form an urban core.
In 1131 it was reconstituted the bishopric of Lipari united
to that of Patti. Roberto The king of Naples in 1340,
conquered Lipari. In 1544 the city was sacked by Ariadeno
fierce pirate Barbarossa, led by the inhabitants as slaves.
Lipari was subsequently rebuilt and ripopolata by Charles V
and since then followed the fate of Sicily and the kingdom
Aeolian archipelago is made up of seven islands scattered,
over 90 miles of sea along the north-west coast of Sicily in
the Mediterranean Sea. The archipelago comprises several
islands and seven major islands: Lipari, Salina, Vulcano,
Stromboli, Panarea, Alicudi and Filicudi. The Aeolian
represent the part emerged some volcanoes of geologically
recent origin. This origin is evidenced by persistent
volcanic phenomena, from hot springs submarine, from
fumaroles of Lipari and Panarea, the mouths perennially
active Stromboli and mud of great therapeutic effect.
The oldest are Alicudi and Filicudi, which have about a
million years. The younger ones are more active are
Volcano and Stromboli. Happily located from a geographical
point of view, the Lipari enjoy the mild and temperate
climate typically Mediterranean. The islands are mainly
rocky or sandy coast with high and steep, a vegetation
of shrubs (heather, brooms), figs of india, trees, the
climate is very mild but precipitation are very scarce and
sources almost zero, so the drinking water, once collected
in special tanks, is now essentially brought by boat from
The rich in wildlife species: hawk, the bird of storms and
the now extinct monk seal of Filicudi.
Tourism is now, thanks to rapid connections with hydrofoils
and boats, the main resource of the islands today
destinations bathing also very crowded (especially Lipari,
Panarea and Salina; more secluded remain Alicudi and
Filicudi, famous the latter for the cave suggestive of Bue
Marino), which are much frequented by those who practice
fishing. A much more modest role now have the traditional
activities, such as viticulture, the extraction and
processing of pumice stone, fishing, gathering of capers.
OF AEOLIAN ISLANDS
Aeolian islands are volcanic islands active in the southern
Tyrrhenian Sea. Among them are considered active volcanoes
Stromboli, Lipari and Vulcano (with its Vulcanello peninsula).
The activity of Stromboli consists of almost continuous
explosions at very low energy, with the launch of magmatic
waste from one of eruptive vents that are within the crater.
The last eruption of Volcano took place almost a century ago
The last eruption of Lipari took place in Roman times (from
the point of view of the life of a volcano, the time elapsed
since it is very short and not enough to consider the
extinct volcanic activity on the island of Lipari).
During the Mesozoic Eastern Sicily was the one sporadic
volcanism basico-alcalino relaxing followed by a period of
During the era Quaternary can recognize two types of
basaltic volcanism relaxing (Etna, Iblei, Ustica, Canale
volcanism convergence between the plates (Aeolian
metamorphic is from arch crystal Calabro-Peloritano.
The Aeolian islands are facing the volcanic basin while the
marginal retroarch is the abysmal level of the Tyrrhenian
Sea. The continental crust is on both sides of the plate
while contact is a ocean under the area of Tirreno abysmal.
The volcanism is the Archipelago of recent age (roughly 1
million years old) and can distinguish two phases.
During the first phase are formed islands of Alicudi,
Filicudi, Panarea, in part, Lipari and Salina.
After a period of stagnation in the upper Pleistocene has a
second phase with the completion of Lipari and Salina and
the birth of Volcano and Stromboli. The Aeolian volcanism is
marked by an evolution in the composition of products issued.
archipelago Eoliano is center of attraction, not only for
the variety of its natural beauty, but also for its hot
springs high therapeutic value. These events postvulcaniche
are found in Volcano, Lipari and Panarea.
So far the water and sludge, worked with systems primordial
gave excellent results. In addition to the diseases of the
joints, water and sludge Volcano can be very effective in
many diseases like phlebitis, ulcers, female genital
diseases and skin diseases.
For Vulcan, it is natural volcanic sludge high in radon and
even hot springs the criterion of choice from the point of
view of healing can be considered exclusive.
The thermal waters of San Calogero, famous even during the
empire of Rome were exalted in every age.
These waters are salso sulfate bicarbonate.
stratigraphic excavations carried out in various islands (especially
in Lipari) and amply illustrated in the
Museum Eoliano located in the castle of
Lipari, gave an overview of the succession of various
civilizations, from Neolithic to the Greek colonization. The
hill is the castle of Lipari Greek Acropolis, which still
remains of the fortifications, not prior to the fourth
century BC, and buildings of Hellenistic and Roman times.
Excavations of the necropolis attest to the considerable
wealth of Lipari especially in the second half of sec.IV BC
With pots contained italioti and a wide range of pottery
topic theatrical (figurines
of actors, tragic and comic masks, etc..). In
Roman times, after a certain prosperity under Augustus,
Lipari had no particular importance are few and the artistic
The Acropolis of Lipari was revealed to the recent
excavations, from 1950 onwards, as a huge database in which
they are kept in regular stratigraphic overlap, the
testimonies of all the civilizations that have occurred in
the islands through the Neolithic and age metal, up to full
The series stratigraphic liparese is now a cornerstone on
which s'impernia reconstruction of the prehistory of all
countries in this wet Sea.
The archaeological area extends west of the main road
leading to the cathedral and is divided into two parts by
road giving access to churches and of the Immacolata and of
Addolorata. In the case of Hellenistic and Roman extend
layers age ausonica, with more orders shed overlapping.
In the vast trench south, Ausonio II (Early Iron Age) is
represented only by a short stretch of surviving perimeter
wall of a hut, which was also found inside the home.
In the north, this time to match the remains of two separate
huts overlapping. Of the buildings of this age remains low
because of their limited depth. Even minors are related to
construction remains below layer Ausonio I (late age of
bronze) 1250-1150 BC Large remains one of the village have
instead of the average age of bronze (Milazzese of
civilization, 1400-1270 BC).
At this age group it belongs to a very tight oval huts
between them. These huts with perimeter wall built with
stones dry and we must assume covered with roofs of frasche
and stubble, perhaps coated with a mixture of clay and straw
The huts of the middle age of bronze overlap with the oldest
huts, identical form, belonging to the first age of bronze.
The archaeological deposit down for another four or five
feet below the soil huts of the first age of bronze.
In the northern part of the excavation are far more
substantial than in the south remains dell'Ausonio II
represented by a rectangular hut in grandiose rounded
Under the deepening soil excavation has revealed remains of
other huts oldest and the middle age of first bronze
cultures of Milazzese and "Capo Graziano". Interesting is
the structure of this great hut whose skeleton was carrying
timber. A large northern hut and its annexes which develop
at the same level are two large cabins of the Ausonio I
mentioned that in the foreground is perfectly circular in
shape and perhaps covered for a time as a trullo, and is
preceded by a head North antrance flanked by a wall straight.
The other, behind it is more oval in shape, more elongated.
It is the clear overlap remains of five different age,
Hellenistic, Ausonio II, Ausonio I Milazzese and Capo
In the area north of the second Cardo is an interesting hut
of the Ausonio I of unusual rectangular shape and slope
facing very mutilated remains of huts and the middle and
first age of bronze